Exploring the components and their function in a roll forming machine – Vietsteel

exploring the components and their funtion in a roll forming machine

A roll forming machine is a crucial piece of equipment used in the manufacturing industry for shaping metal sheets or coils into specific shapes or profiles. To better understand the key components and their functions in a roll forming machine, let’s explore the important parts and their roles in a roll forming process. For this purpose, with Vietsteel to discover the key components and their functions in a roll forming machine now!

1. What is a roll forming machine?

Roll Forming Machine Vietsteel
Roll Forming Machine Vietsteel

A roll forming machine, also known as a sheet metal roll forming machine, is a piece of equipment used in the manufacturing industry to shape metal sheets or coils into a desired shape or profile. Roll forming is a continuous process where metal, whether it’s in the form of flat sheets or coiled strips, is fed through a series of rollers. Each set of rollers gradually bends and forms the metal into the desired shape or profile.

This process is widely used in various industries for producing components, parts, and products with specific cross-sectional configurations. Roll forming machine offers advantages like high precision, flexibility in producing various shapes, high efficiency, energy-saving, and faster production times.

2. Components of a roll forming machine and their functions Vietsteel

Components of a roll forming machine and their functions Vietsteel

Vietsteel is a company that specializes in roll forming machines and related equipment, so the components and their functions in their machinery:


Function: The uncoiler or Decoiler is responsible for holding and feeding the metal coil into the roll forming machine.
Role: It ensures a steady supply of metal material for the forming process.

Uncoiler Roll Forming Machine
Uncoiler Roll Forming Machine

Feeding and Leveling System

Function: This system straightens and feeds the metal strip or coil into the first set of rollers.
Role: It prepares the material for the forming process by ensuring it’s uniform and flat.

Roller Stations (Roll Forming)

Function: The roller stations consist of sets of rollers that gradually bend and shape the metal into the desired profile.
Role: These rollers are the heart of the roll forming machine, and they perform the actual shaping of the metal. The number of roller stations and their configurations can vary depending on the complexity of the desired profile.

Roller Stations (Roll Forming)

Drive System

Function: The drive system includes motors and gears that provide power to the rollers, ensuring controlled and continuous material movement.
Role: It ensures that the metal strip or coil advances through the machine at the desired speed and with the necessary force.

Profile Cutting

Function: This component is responsible for cutting the formed profile into the desired lengths.
Role: It enables the roll forming machine to produce individual pieces of the shaped material with precise dimensions.

Hydraulic tanks

Hydraulic tanks aren’t standard on all roll forming machines, but they are commonly added to make the machine faster for higher production. Hydraulics can also automate the machine’s shears.

Control System

Function: The control system includes electronics and software that allow operators to set and monitor various parameters, such as speed and length.
Role: It ensures the machine operates according to the desired specifications and can be adjusted for different profiles and production runs.

Control System Roll Forming Machine
Control System Roll Forming Machine

Stacker/Collector (run out product)

Function: The stacker or collector receives and accumulates the finished products as they come out of the machine.
Role: It facilitates the collection and packaging of the formed profiles for further processing or shipping.

Safety Features

Roll forming machines may also include safety features such as emergency stop buttons, guards, sensors, and interlocks to ensure safe operation and protect operators from potential hazards.

These are the essential parts required to form a roll forming machine. The integration and precise operation of these components enable the continuous and precise shaping of metal sheets or coils into various profiles, making roll forming an important and versatile process in manufacturing industries. The specific configuration of these components may vary based on the complexity and requirements of the profiles being produced.

3. The importance of using roll forming machine

The use of roll forming machines offers several significant advantages in various manufacturing industries. Here are the key reasons why roll forming machines are important:

Consistent, High-Quality Products with High Precision

Roll forming is known for its ability to meet tight tolerances, resulting in uniform and consistent products across production runs. This makes it ideal for applications like assembly line manufacturing where precise fits are crucial. Compared to other forming methods, such as press braking and extrusion, roll forming produces higher quality products with consistent dimensions and shapes.

Flexibility and Versatility in Producing Various Shapes and Profiles

Even complex cross-section profiles that are a challenge or impossible to create with other methods like stamping can be easily produced with roll forming. Besides, roll forming enables custom product manufacturing, offering flexibility in production and customization for unique customer requirements.

C Truss Roll Forming Machine
C Truss Roll Forming Machine

High Efficiency

Roll forming is a high-speed, low-labor process that enables efficient and high-volume production. Additional processes like punching or notching can be integrated into the roll forming production line, reducing labor demands and producing finished products.

Energy-Saving and Waste Reduction

Roll forming is a no-heat process that uses custom-designed rollers to gradually bend metal into its final shape, reducing energy costs. It eliminates tool wear and produces identical parts with minimal wasted scrap, allowing for almost any length.

Faster Production Times

Roll forming enables faster production times due to its high-speed, continuous process and minimal labor requirements, resulting in efficient and rapid production of consistent and high-quality products.


Roll forming can be cost-effective over the long term due to its efficiency and the ability to reduce material waste and secondary operations. It often provides a favorable cost per part, especially for high-volume production.

Reduced Tooling Costs

Unlike other metal forming processes that require complex and expensive tooling for each unique shape, roll forming primarily involves the use of rollers that can be easily customized. This can significantly reduce tooling costs and lead times.

Consistent Material Properties

Roll forming exerts uniform pressure on the metal throughout the process, which helps maintain the material’s structural integrity and consistency, resulting in high-strength products.

Long Product Lengths

Roll forming can produce profiles of considerable lengths, which is beneficial for applications like roofing, siding, and structural components in construction and automotive industries.

Reduced Labor Requirements

Roll forming is a highly automated process, requiring minimal manual labor, which reduces labor costs and the potential for human error.

Roll Forming Machine
Roll Forming Machine


Roll forming machines can be adapted to produce a wide range of profiles, making them suitable for a diverse set of industries, from automotive to construction and appliances.

Overall, the importance of using roll forming machines lies in their ability to efficiently and consistently produce high-quality, complex profiles with minimal waste, reduced costs, and a high degree of flexibility to meet the demands of modern manufacturing.

4. Roll Forming Machine of Vietsteel

About Roll Forming Machine, Vietsteel has a wide range of roll formers, including:

Roll Forming Machine Vietsteel

Main Features of roll forming machine:
– Automaticallyforming and cutting at any length with pre-set quantity.
– Automatically alarm to pre-cut before the order finished.
– Signal feedback from encoder showinglength of product.
– The control panel enables to count a total length of finished coil.
– Rollers are alloy steelmade by CNC precision machine and hard chromium plated.
– Cutting die is SKD11 steel made by CNC machine, thermal treatment get 55-60HRC.
– Hydraulic system is equipped with a cooling system to afford the machine operating continuously from 20 to 22 hours per day.

5. Price of roll forming machine for Vietsteel Machinery Co., LTD

Vietsteel takes pride in manufacturing all of its machines professionally and reasonably in Vietnam. The company’s goal is to offer flexible machines that are of the highest quality and feature customized designs. This approach provides customers with unique benefits and experiences.

By prioritizing quality and customization, Vietsteel ensures that its machines meet the specific needs and requirements of customers. This not only enhances the overall performance and efficiency of the machines but also offers a personalized touch that aligns with each customer’s preferences.

Vietsteel’s commitment to providing flexible machines with customized designs reflects its dedication to customer satisfaction. By delivering unique benefits and experiences, the company aims to establish long-term relationships with its customers and contribute to their success.

For the best quotation, please contact Vietsteel now +84 906 898 860
Email: vietsteel@vietsteel.com Website: www.vietsteel.com

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